Annual Jewish Holy Days

The feasts of the Lord consist of the weekly Sabbath and the annual festivals -- several other feasts that are celebrated once a year at the appropriate season.  The annual festivals are the following: 

Leviticus 23:4 These are the appointed times of the LORD, holy convocations which you shall proclaim at the times appointed for them.

1. Passover/Pesach -- 15th of  Nisan. Preparation starts on the 14th.

2. Feast of Unleavened Bread -- the week of 15-21 of Nisan* 

3. Pentecost/Shavuot--50 days after the Sabbath following the first day of Pesach (Nisan 15).***

4. Jewish New Year/ Feast of Trumpets/Rosh Hashanah--1st of Tishri**

5. Day of Atonement/ Yom Kippur--10th of Tishri**

6. Feast of Tabernacles/ Sukkot -- the week of 15th-22 of Tishri*

* These holidays last for a week, but only the first and last day are considered Sabbaths. 

** This day is considered a Sabbath.

*** This day is a Sabbath which  needs to be counted, it does not fall on the same day each year.

There are seven annual feasts which are considered holy convocations (assemblies) in which the people would gather in the temple.  In these 7 days no servile work could be done -- they could not work in anything that was their mode of employment.  They are Sabbaths.

Temple in Jerusalem

Three times a year all males had to go to the temple in Jerusalem.

Deuteronomy 16:16   Three times in a year all your males shall appear before  YHWH  your God in the place which He chooses, at the Feast of Unleavened Bread and at the Feast of Weeks and at the Feast of Booths, and they shall not appear before YHWH  empty-handed.

The Weekly Sabbath

The celebration of the weekly Sabbath serves as a reminder that YHWH, the Creator,  is the God that created everything on earth in six days and rested on the seventh day.  It defines our God and separates Him from imposters.  

The weekly Sabbath begins at sundown on Friday and continues till sundown Saturday for a full 24 hour period.  Generally it is customary to light a candle and say a Shabbat prayer at the beginning of the Sabbath.

The Annual Sabbaths

Passover 

Passover was celebrated first in the land of Egypt with the blood of the sacrificial lamb in order to preserve the Israelites from the plague that was to smite the land of Egypt with the death of every firstborn. Ex 12: 6-14.   

The nation of Israel prepared for the Passover on Nisan 14.  On this day, the lambs were taken to the priests and sacrificed.  Then each family took the dead lamb to their respective homes and roasted it.  The lamb was eaten that night (Nisan 15).  Remember each day starts at sundown.  

In Passover, the lambs had to be sacrificed specifically in the temple in Jerusalem.  Not only that, they had to be sacrificed by the priesthood (the tribe of Levi).  Because this is not presently possible, (the temple is destroyed and the dome of the rock sits on the temple ruins) no lambs are sacrificed any more during Passover.   They still use the unleavened bread and the wine.  These are the symbols that our Lord Yeshua told us to keep on using in remembrance of His sacrifice.  In order to celebrate Pesach/Passover the way it was originally, with a lamb, YHWH's temple would have to be rebuilt, and the Levite priesthood re-instituted.

Passover  is representative of Lord Jesus/Yeshua.  He is the lamb of God, the Passover lamb that was sacrificed for our sins.  Yeshua told us to continue to celebrate Passover (the seder meal) in His name.

Luke 22:19 and he took bread , and gave thanks, and broke it, and gave unto them, saying.  'This is my body which is given for you: do this in remembrance of me.' 

Pentecost

Pentecost/Shavuot  is another annual feast that had an early and late fulfillment. Leviticus 23: 15-21.  The early fulfillment was the firstfruits of the harvest.  The late fulfillment was the firstfruits of Christian converts which received the holy spirit.  Fifty days after the weekly Sabbath following the crucifixion of Jesus, a multitude of believers were gathered in Jerusalem (a requirement for all males) when suddenly the holy spirit came upon the apostles of Jesus in the form of tongues of fire coming from their heads.

Acts 2:1-4 "And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place.  And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a rushing wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting.  And there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them.  and they were all filled with the Holy Spirit, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance."

The gathered people also heard them speaking in their native tongues.  The coming of the Holy Spirit on the day of Pentecost was the late fulfillment of this festival.  

The rest of the festivals (Rosh Hashanah, Yom Kippur, Sukkot) have not had a late fulfillment yet.  We are awaiting their late fulfillment. For the significance of these Holy Days see: Significance of the Holy Days

These festivals indicate to us what God's plan is. They help us to understand the purpose of our lives, the reality of paradise and resurrection and how Jesus, the lamb of God,  sacrificed for our sins, has made all of this possible for us.  Baruch ha shem!   

We give a calendar of holy festivals. The festivals of HANUKKAH and PURIM are traditional celebrations, but not commanded by God.

Calendar

Year 2013-2014 2014-2015 2015-2016 2016-2017
Traditional Jewish Year *5774 5775 5776 5777

ROSH
HASHANAH
Tishri 1

Thu
Sep 5
Thu
Sep
25
Mon
Sep
14
Mon
Oct 3

YOM KIPPUR
Tishri 10

Sat
Sep 14
Sat
Oct 4
Wed
Sep
23
Wed
Oct 12

First day of
 SUKKOT
Tishri 15

Thu
Sep 19
Thu
Oct 9
Mon
Sep
28
Mon
Oct 17

Last day of
SUKKOT
Tishri 22

Thu
Sep 26
Thu
Oct
16
Mon
Oct
5
Mon
Oct 24

HANUKKAH
Kislev 25

Thu
Nov28
Wed
Dec 17
Sun
Dec 6
Sun
Dec 25

PURIM
Adar 14

Sun
Mar 16
Thu
Mar 5
Thu
Mar
24
Sun
Mar 12

The first day of PESACH
Nisan 15

Tue
Apr 15
Sat
Apr 4
Sat
Apr 23
Tue
Apr 11

The last day of PESACH
Nisan 21

Mon
Apr 21
Fri
Apr
10
Fri
Apr 29
Mon
Apr 17

SHAVUOT (Pentecost)
(needs to be counted)

Sun
Jun 8 
Sun
May 24
Sun
Jun 12
Sun
Jun 4 

 

 

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